Corporate Security Magazine | Friday, August 27, 2021
Biometric authentication is convenient and secure because it uses unique characteristics for verification and is difficult to replicate.
FREMONT, CA: Biometric authentication is a type of security that depends on the specific biological traits of an individual to authenticate who they claim to be. Biometric authentication systems associate physical or behavioral characteristics with data in a database that has been verified and certified. Authentication is validated when biometric data samples match. Biometric authentication is typically used to control access to physical and digital resources such as buildings, rooms, and computers.
Biometric identification uses biometrics to recognize a person, such as fingerprints or retinal scans, while biometric authentication uses biometrics to confirm that people are who they say they are.
Components of biometric authentication devices
A biometric device consists of a reader or scanning device, technology to transform and analyze the collected biometric data, and a database for storage.
A sensor can be defined as a device that detects and records biometric information. This could be a fingerprint reader, voice analyzer, or retina scanner, for example. These gadgets collect data and compare it to previously saved data to see if there is a match. The software analyzes the biometric information and associates it with points in the database.
The majority of biometric data is recorded in a database linked to a central server which stores all the data. Another approach to preserving biometric information is to hash it cryptographically, which allows authentication to be performed without direct access to the data.
Use cases for biometric authentication
Law enforcement: For identification purposes, law enforcement, state and federal authorities use several types of biometric data. Fingerprints, facial features, iris patterns, voice samples, and DNA are some of them.
Health care: Biometrics are used in hospitals to monitor patients and avoid confusion, while biometric authentication is used in clinics and doctor’s offices to ensure the security of their patients’ information more accurately. Hospitals can store and access a patient’s medical history using biometric data. This data can be used to ensure that the right patient receives the right care, whether it’s identifying patients earlier in an emergency or avoiding medical errors.
To travel: An electronic passport (e-passport) will be the same size as a regular passport and will have an electronic chip containing the same biometric data as a traditional passport, such as the holder’s digital photo. A digital image of the passport holder’s photo is stored on the chip, along with the owner’s name and other relevant information.