US and European AI regulatory proposals under the microscope

Proposals for a framework in the United States and a set of laws in Europe to govern the development and use of artificial intelligence will have to carefully balance the concerns of various groups if they are to win popular support.

A recently released draft AI Bill of Rights from the White House outlining five key principles on which AI-based technologies should be developed and deployed has been described as the right step in the right direction in terms of data protection. Americans from damage caused by automated systems. .

While an article by the World Economic Forum (WEF) describes it as “a welcome initiative that must be properly situated in the context of other initiatives to come, both in the United States and elsewhere”, another article published by Unite .ai says the move has the potential to “change the AI ​​landscape” and set new standards for how AI should be built, deployed and governed.

The White House earlier this month released a document titled “The Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights: Making Automated Systems Work for the American People,” in an effort to address the many harms and risks Americans face daily with the use of technology. , data and automated systems. The document is published together with a technical companion explaining how the blueprint should be implemented.

The WEF article, written by representatives of the Forum and the CEO of consultancy Cantellus Group, notes that while the plan has also been criticized as not going far enough in scope and could limit the innovation in the AI ​​space. It does, however, offer important protections for groups such as Blacks and Latinos who may be negatively affected by biases in AI-powered technologies.

The blueprint, presented by the Office of Science and Technology Protection (OSTP), was also hailed as timely as it is expected to not only influence the future development and deployment of AI technology, but will also keep the United States on the front line. global regulatory action on AI.

One of the issues the blueprint highlights is protecting people from unsafe and inefficient systems.

The 73-page document is non-binding, meaning it is up to companies and state governments to comply with the requirements of the master plan. Among other things, he cites examples of use cases where AI has been problematic.

The recently released plan for an AI bill of rights would be similar to the ethical guidelines for trustworthy AI that the European Union Commission outlined in 2019.

EU lawmakers divided over ‘tough’ AI regulations

In the meantime, Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are divided on whether to ensure that its AI regulation places greater emphasis on AI innovation or does respect for fundamental human rights the absolute priority.

This split comes at a time when rights advocates like European Digital Rights (EDRi) are warning that the bill under consideration must set out clear safeguards that will protect against mass surveillance and artificial intelligence systems such as facial recognition that can undermine privacy and entrench discrimination. reports the Brussels Times.

The EU, it should be recalled, has been working on an AI law that aims to regulate a wide range of AI applications in a way that aligns with the basic human rights of citizens. The body develops the regulations on what it calls a “risk-based” approach.

Some lawmakers believe tighter regulations on the use of AI in the EU tech space could stifle innovation and scare off potential investors.

Rights groups, for their part, have also opposed allowing the use of facial recognition technologies in public spaces, calling them intrusive.

One of the areas of concern, according to the Brussels Times, is that while the draft AI regulation would ban the use of real-time facial recognition, it allows EU member states to deploy such systems at specific purposes such as security.

Some fear that this window will give way to mass surveillance under the guise of security, which is much of the source of the fear.

As debates around regulation continue, experts believe there is a need to strike a balance by having regulation that leaves room for AI innovation without any compromise on data security and human rights.

Article topics

AI | AI Law | bias | EU | European Digital Rights (EDRi) | legislation | confidentiality | regulation | research and development | standards | United States | World Economic Forum

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