High blood pressure during pregnancy can be dangerous

High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Can Be Dangerous – Everything You Need To Know About Preeclampsia

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New Delhi: Pregnancy is truly fulfilling but although it is one of the most awaited experiences, women can be subject to various complications during pregnancy which can often be life threatening. Hypertension is also known as the silent killer. When combined with pregnancy, it can be one of the most dangerous complications that can affect both mother and child.

Times Now Digital reached out to Dr. Shalini Vijay, Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, at Maternity Hospitals, Lullanagar and Dr. Swati Chitnis, Obstetrician and Gynecologist at Shalby Multi-Specialty Hospitals, Ahmedabad for insight into the status of preeclampsia.

Dr Shalini Vijay explained the condition and said, “Preeclampsia means a sudden increase in arterial pressure after the 20th week of pregnancy. You will be shocked to learn that this condition can affect the kidneys, liver and brain of the pregnant woman. If not treated at the right time, preeclampsia can turn into eclampsia which leads to organ damage, seizures and even death.

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“There are many women in the country who suffer from preeclampsia during pregnancy. It is the need of the hour to manage this condition to deliver a healthy baby,” she added.

Dr Swati commented on the timeline of the emergence of preeclampsia and said: “This condition can range from minor to severe and usually occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy. However, it can even develop earlier or soon after birth. .”

Preeclampsia – Signs and Symptoms

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According to Dr. Vijay, some symptoms of preeclampsia in women can include:

  1. Excess protein in the urine
  2. Vision problems
  3. Headaches, chest pains
  4. Nausea or vomiting
  5. Abdominal pain
  6. breathing problems
  7. Impaired liver function

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Dr Swati said patients may sometimes experience no symptoms. She added: “Severe preeclampsia can include symptoms such as decreased liver function, fluid in the lungs and seizures. These can be accompanied by low blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) and a reduction in urine output.

Preeclampsia – Risk Factors and Causes

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According to Dr. Shalini, risk factors for preeclampsia can include age, family history, preeclampsia in previous pregnancy, multiple pregnancies, etc. Some causes of preeclampsia are:

  1. Chronic hypertension
  2. kidney disease
  3. Diabetes
  4. Obesity
  5. Autoimmune conditions

According to Dr. Chitnis, “preeclampsia is thought to be caused by a health problem in the placenta (the organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy and is responsible for supplying oxygen and nutrients to the fetus). The blood supply to the placenta could be decreased in preeclampsia, which can lead to problems for you and the fetus. A poor diet or high body fat can also contribute to the development of preeclampsia. A lack of blood flow to the uterus or genes can also be a factor. may not be one of the direct causes, but may worsen and intensify existing symptoms of preeclampsia.”

Preeclampsia – Impact on the baby

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Highlighting the effect of preeclampsia on the baby, Dr Vijay said: “This condition can be dangerous for the baby as it can lead to placental abruption (premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus). This will cause heavy bleeding and can be life threatening for both mother and baby. Fetal growth restriction and premature birth are some of the other complications that occur due to preeclampsia.

Dr Chitnis explained the long term impact of preeclampsia on the baby and said: “Preeclampsia can lead to intrauterine growth retardation, decreased amniotic fluid, premature birth and associated complications, asphyxia (less oxygen supply) and even intrauterine death.This condition can also have harmful effects and long-term consequences on the baby’s development.The baby’s cognitive abilities can be affected even at the age adult and stages may be delayed.

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Preeclampsia – Impact on the mother

Dr Vijay commented on other health complications that can be triggered by preeclampsia and said: ‘Preeclampsia is linked to fluid retention and excretion of protein in the urine which can increase the risk renal failure and end-stage renal failure. One can also suffer from chronic renal failure (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) later in life.

Treatment of preeclampsia

Dr Swati shared an overview of the treatment of preeclampsia and said: “The medical professional will usually advise the best course of action when diagnosed with preeclampsia as treatment will vary depending on the severity of the condition. condition and stage of pregnancy.Although there is no definite cure for preeclampsia, the only way to stop the progression of the condition is to give birth.If the baby has grown to 37 weeks or more, the doctor may advise labor or a C-section.

“Mild preeclampsia is also treated with continuous bed rest (restricted physical activities) primarily on the left side with fetal heart rate monitoring and regular ultrasound scans. The healthcare professional may even prescribe medications to lower blood pressure, injections magnesium to prevent seizures, and steroid injections to speed up the development of the baby’s lungs while having frequent blood and urine tests,” she added.

Management of preeclampsia

The expert emphasizes the importance of taking good care of your health in the event of preeclampsia and offers the following management advice:

  1. Monitor blood pressure regularly. Any change in BP should be reported to the doctor.
  2. Opt for blood tests that will help you assess the health of your kidneys and liver.
  3. Take only medications prescribed by the doctor and avoid any over-the-counter medications.
  4. Choose a balanced diet rich in fiber and low-fat foods.
  5. Drink enough water and eat fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and legumes.
  6. Avoid junk, oily, packaged and processed foods high in sodium.
  7. Limit your intake of carbohydrates, potatoes, fruit juices, colas, sweets, candies and desserts.
  8. Exercise daily and avoid heavy workouts. You can do walking, yoga or aerobics.
  9. Talk to the doctor before starting any fitness routine.
  10. Try to maintain an optimal weight during pregnancy.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.

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